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About NLRB

About NLRB

What We Do

The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency vested with the power to safeguard employees' rights to organize and to determine whether to have unions as their bargaining representative. The agency also acts to prevent and remedy unfair labor practices committed by private sector employers and unions.


Conduct Elections

The Board has changed its rules regarding processing election petitions. Those changes are effective April 14, 2015. For more information about those changes, click here. The information on this page has been updated to describe the NLRB election process that will be in effect for petitions filed on or after April 14, 2015.

Investigate Charges

If you believe your NLRA rights have been violated, you may file a charge against an employer or a labor organization. You can find charge forms here. Please contact an information officer at your nearest Regional Office for assistance.

Facilitate settlements

The NLRB encourages parties to resolve cases by settlement rather than litigation whenever possible. In fact, more than 90% of meritorious unfair labor practice cases are settled by agreement at some point in the process, either through a Board settlement or a private agreement. Board Settlement Agreements

Decide Cases

When complaints of Unfair Labor Practices issued by regional directors do not lead to settlement, they typically result in a hearing before an NLRB Administrative Law Judge. As in any court proceeding, both parties prepare arguments and present evidence, witnesses, and experts.

Enforce Orders

In reviewing cases, the Circuit Courts evaluate the factual and legal basis for the Board’s Order and decide, after briefing or oral argument, whether to enter a judicial decree commanding obedience to the Order. The Court may also enter an Order on the grounds that the responding party failed to oppose or had no legal basis to oppose the Board’s action.

National Labor Relations Board Rulemaking

As part of its ongoing efforts to more effectively administer the National Labor Relations Act and to further the purposes of the Act, the National Labor Relations Board is engaging in rulemaking in a number of important areas.